Amnesty has noted a rise in police violence since April. After pledging to pacify the favelas, is a new policy undoing years of hard work?
The archbishop of Rio de Janeiro was on his way from the Christ the Redeemer statue to the airport when his journey was interrupted by a gunfight that erupted on either side of the road.
For 10 minutes, Cardinal Orani Joo Tempesta sheltered on a kerb behind his chauffeur-driven car as police and gangsters traded shots that crackled through the lofty, leafy neighbourhood of Santa Teresa.
People were scared of stray bullets, he recalls of the incident last month. And there was a sense of disappointment that the city should not be this way.
Such experiences and sentiments are all too common in Rio, the Olympic host city, where violent crime has long been a feature of the social climate. The 2016 Games and the 2014 World Cup were supposed to usher in improvements, but in the past two years the security situation has deteriorated.
Orani is living proof of that. Although he has in theory one of the lowest risk jobs and lives in one of the more affluent areas of Rio, he has been caught up in three incidents. As well as the shooting this 10 June, he was carjacked last July and robbed at gunpoint in September 2014 of his crucifix and a replica of a gold ring gifted to him by Pope Francis.
This is partly misfortune, partly the curse of riding in a luxury car, but largely the result of Rios divisive social, economic and policing policies. The Olympics may even have made things worse.